What Agreement Was Reached At The Potsdam Conference
The Potsdam Conference is perhaps best known for President Truman`s July 24, 1945 conversation with Stalin, during which the president informed the Soviet leader that the United States had succeeded in detonating the first atomic bomb on July 16, 1945. Historians have often interpreted Truman`s somewhat firm stance during negotiations with the U.S. negotiating team`s belief that U.S. nuclear capabilities would increase its bargaining power. Stalin, however, was already well informed about the US nuclear program, thanks to the Soviet intelligence network; it has therefore also stood firm in its positions. This situation made the negotiations difficult. The leaders of the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union, who had remained allies throughout the war despite their differences, never met again to discuss cooperation in post-war reconstruction. After the conclusion of the Kanta Conference in February 1945, the “Big Three” of the Allies, Franklin Roosevelt (United States), Winston Churchill (Great Britain) and Joseph Stalin (USSR), agreed to meet again after victory in Europe to establish post-war borders, negotiate treaties and resolve issues related to relations with Germany. This planned meeting was to be their third meeting, the first being the Tehran Conference in November 1943. With the German surrender on May 8, the leaders planned a conference in the German city of Potsdam for July. To remember the things that were discussed at each conference, use the PEER MNEMONIC Conference participants discussed the content and procedures of peace settlements in Europe, but did not try to write peace treaties. This task has been left to a Council of Foreign Ministers. The main concerns of the Big Three, their foreign ministers and their staffs were the immediate administration of defeated Germany, the demarcation of Poland, the occupation of Austria, the definition of the role of the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe, the determination of reparations and the continuation of the war against Japan.
The friendship and goodwill that had largely characterized previous war conferences was lacking in Potsdam, because each nation cared most about its own interests, and Churchill was particularly suspicious of Stalin`s motives and intransigent position. The Conference agreed on the establishment of a Council of Foreign Ministers representing the five main Powers in order to continue the essential preparatory work for the peace agreements and to take charge of other matters which might occasionally be entrusted to the Council by agreement of the Governments participating in the Council. The creation of the Council in question did not contradict the agreement of the Crimean Conference that there should be regular meetings between the foreign ministers of the three governments. .