Not everyone agrees on the benefits of an agreement. During trade negotiations with a Chinese representative in Washington in April 2019, a reporter asked President Donald Trump how long he expected the U.S. and China`s declarations of intent to continue. “I don`t like MOUs because they don`t mean anything,” the president replied. After some discussions, it was decided that any document from the discussions should be qualified as a trade agreement and never agreed. A Memorandum of Understanding (MOA) is a written document describing a cooperative relationship between two parties wishing to work together on a project or achieve an agreed goal. An MOA serves as a legal document and describes the terms and details of the partnership agreement. An MOA is more formal than an oral agreement, but less formal than a contract. Organizations can use an MOA to conclude and draw cooperation agreements, including service partnerships or technical assistance and training agreements. An MOA may be used regardless of whether or not funds should be exchanged under the agreement. But even in international situations, the CEECs are not binding. They are seen as a kind of soft law, which means they are weaker (less applicable) than traditional “hard” laws, but always provide evidence of the intention of both parties to abide by an agreement.
Flexible laws such as the CEECs offer an attractive possibility of cooperation instead of binding treaties that can have serious international consequences if violated. CEECs play an important role in social issues around the world. In 2005, the United Kingdom signed an agreement to deport unwelcome Nigerians who have passed their visas or been granted asylum. The agreement provided conditions for safe support by the Nigerian authorities. In other cases, soft people help people in the face of a dilemma. In 2011, Kenya signed an agreement with the United Nations to deal with the state of refugee camps within its borders. The document sets out security measures and means for the provision of goods and services to impoverished people in the camps. Agreements are very common and are used for national purposes and agreements between nations. Some are general and concise. Others are long and extremely detailed. A contractual agreement is less binding than a contract and can be used to outline the terms and details of the agreement before the contract is concluded.
It can be used in court if a party does not fulfill one or more of the obligations covered by the agreement. But MOUs have a lot of potential power because of the time and energy they need to plan and write. They ask the parties to agree and, in order to do so, they must take stock of their needs and desires and put them on paper.