The Paris Agreement reflects the collective belief of almost every nation on the planet that climate change is humanity`s war to fight it, and reveals America`s climate-sceptics – including Trump – as global outliers. Indeed, the mobilization of support for climate action across the country and around the world gives hope that the Paris Agreement has marked a turning point in the fight against climate change. We can all contribute to the cause by looking for ways to reduce contributions to global warming, at the individual, local and national levels. The effort will be worth the reward of a safer and cleaner world for future generations. William Nordhaus of Yale University writes for foreign affairs and thinks about how to remedy the failure of the world`s climate efforts. Kyoto Protocol, 2005. The Kyoto Protocol [PDF], adopted in 1997 and entered into force in 2005, was the first legally binding climate treaty. It called on industrialized countries to reduce emissions by an average of 5% from 1990 levels and set up a system to monitor countries` progress. But the treaty did not force developing countries, including the major CO2 emitters China and India, to take action. The United States signed the agreement in 1998, but never ratified it and then withdrew its signature. But let`s take a closer look at this new universal climate agreement.
The UN report warns that the terrible effects of climate change will come sooner than expected. This is why we need to follow the report`s advice and why every tonne of emissions reduction can make a difference. The 32-part document sets out a framework for global action on climate change, including climate change mitigation and adaptation, support for developing countries and transparency of reporting, and strengthening climate change goals. Here is what needs to be done: however, it is important to remember that the Paris agreement is not static. Instead, it must strengthen countries` national efforts over time – meaning that current commitments are the terrain, not the ceiling, of climate change ambitions. Labor`s emissions – continuing to reduce emissions by 2030 and 2050 – have yet to be implemented and the agreement provides the instruments to ensure that this happens. In response to these early signs of climate destruction, some people have taken steps to counter the impending disaster. Ethiopia recently planted 350 million trees in a single day, explained to Vox why scientists are more confident than ever that climate change is fuelling disasters. The international team of climate experts simulated the cost of global cooperation in a large number of scenarios.
In the journal Nature Communications, they predicted that the planet could earn US$336-422 billion (US$270 to US$338 trillion) by 2100 if rapid action is taken to keep warming at 2C and 1.5c, respectively. Although this agreement is the first collective universal international response to a global borderless threat, not all countries have succeeded in sealing an agreement that will effectively limit global warming below the 2oC threshold, beyond which climate change will be catastrophic. Mitigation plans put on the table by almost all governments this year, so-called Determined National Contributions (NDCs), fall well short of what needs to be done and even put the world on a trajectory of 3oC.